Wednesday, March 20, 2013

FAQs on Acne , Causes and Retinoic Acid

Hello, lovelies~ It's been a while since I did a skincare basic type of post, hasn't it? So, today, I'm gonna post a few of the most frequently asked questions about acne. If I see more questions, then I'll write it in another post, so this one won't be too long.

Why do I have acne?

There are quite different causes of acne, but here are the general and most common ones.

  • You are still in puberty and your hormones are still high, thus acne was born
  • You have an overstimulated sebaceous gland that cause overproduction of sebum (oil) which leads to clogging of the pores because the dead skin cells cannot shed off the skin
  • There are bacterias (P. acnes) present on your face
  • Some food (low fat milk) tend to trigger acne

Why do I STILL have acne when I'm already 30 and above?

Even though we have passed puberty, our hormones are still present to cause acne occasionally. The incidence of acne decreases once you hit menopause. For guys, it may be related to the sebaceous glands being hyperactive.

How many times in a day should I wash my face?

I suggest limiting to twice a day, morning and night. If in between those washes you feel oily, you can always blot your face with oil blotting sheets and spritz face mist afterwards. I usually cleanse with makeup removing water.

Why does my skin turn red, flaky and painful when I use retinoic acid?

Retinoic acid is one of the most commonly used acne medication. It works by removing the dead skin cells on the outermost layer of the skin. The most common side effects of this drug are:

  • Redness
  • dryness
  • itchiness 
  • flaky skin
  • peeling
  • burning
  • stinging sensation

It's been 8 weeks using retinoic acid and the side effects are still present. What do I do?

If your skin still stays the same (redness, peeling, burning, etc) after 8 weeks, either stop using it or contact a dermatologist for further information.

I tried using retinoic acid as treatment, but it makes my face all red and flaky and painful. How am I suppose to use it?

If using retinoic acid, it's best to start at the lowest concentration (0.001%) and not every night for the first 2 weeks. A simple starter regimen would be as such.

  • Monday night: Face wash > Toner > Serum (optional) > retinoic acid
  • Tuesday night: Face wash > Toner > Serum (optional) > usual night cream
  • Wednesday night : Face wash > Toner > Serum (optional) > retinoic acid
and so on.. Not using it everyday for the first two weeks gives your skin time to adjust to the new medication. If, after two weeks, your skin has not had any problems (redness, itching and pain), you can increase the frequency to everday.

Take note that it is also possible to use retinoic acid with other night creams. However, keep in mind that if you do, the concentration of the retinoic acid may be lower because it is diluted with the night cream. That's what I would do if I want to use retinoic acid everyday, but didn't want it to be too concentrated. 

I hope you enjoy this post and if you have any questions, leave them in the comments below. Until then, I'll see you later!

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 © 2010 - 2013 Diary Of A Product Junkie (Stephanie Nangoi) All Rights Reserved.


  1. this post is so helpful, ce..
    Thanks for sharing ^^

    1. Your welcome~ If you have any questions, monggo lho~ I'll try my best to answer them ^_^

  2. mantap ce~ membantu banget apalagi yang mukanya jerawatan kayak aku >_<

  3. Replies
    1. Coba digoogle aja dulu dengan kata kunci 'retinoic acid' ^_^