Common Ingredients Found In A Cleanser

Monday, June 06, 2011

I'm bored. So, let's just discuss the common ingredients typically found in a face wash. I just randomly picked a foaming cleanser from my bathroom that CLAIMS it's good for the skin because it contains green tea. Let's just start.

Myristic Acid
An organic acid that functions as an opacifying agent in a face cleanser. It's used as a surfactant in most face wash.

Glycerin
This has a lot of functions which is commonly found in cleansers, lotions, emulsions, creams, etc. 
  • Denaturant
  • Fragrance Ingredient
  • Hair Conditioning Agent
  • Humectant 
  • Oral Care Agent
  • Oral Health Care Drug
  • Skin-Conditioning Agent 
  • Skin Protectant
  • Viscosity Decreasing Agent
Water
Well, it's.... Water.

Propylene Glycol
Propylene Glycol is an organic alcohol. It is one of the most widely used ingredients in cosmetics and personal care products including fragrance formulations. Polypropylene Glycols (PPG), including PPG-9, PPG-12, PPG-15, PPG-17, PPG-20, PPG-26, PPG-30 and PPG-34 are polymers of Propylene Glycol and water. The number in the name represents that average number of units of Propylene Glycol in the compound.

Propylene Glycol and Polypropylene Glycols attract water and function as moisturizers to enhance the appearance of skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. Propylene Glycol is also used to help stabilize formulations.

Potassium Hydroxide
Sodium Hydroxide, Calcium Hydroxide, Magnesium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide are white solids which occur in several forms, including powders. In cosmetics and personal care products, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium and Potassium Hydroxide are used in the formulation of bath products, cleansing products, fragrances, foot powders, hair dyes and colors, makeup, nail products, personal cleanliness products, shampoos, shaving products, depilatories, skin care products, and suntan products. Sodium and Calcium Hydroxide are also used in hair straighteners and hair wave sets.

Sodium Hydroxide, Calcium Hydroxide, Magnesium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide are used to control the pH of cosmetics and personal care products. Magnesium Hydroxide is also used as an absorbant.

Stearic Acid
It is used in a variety of cosmetic creams, cakes, soaps and pastes. It functions as a surfactant and cleansing agent. 

Glycol Distearate
In cosmetics and personal care products, Glycol Stearate, Glycol Stearate SE, and Glycol Distearte may be used to formulate a wide varitey of products including bubble baths, makeup, as well as hair, skin and nail care products. It works as an opacifying agent, skin conditioning agent, and viscosity conditioning agent. 

Lauric Acid
In cosmetics and personal-care products, fatty acids and mixtures of fatty acids such as Stearic Acid, Oleic Acid, Lauric Acid, Palmitic Acid and Myristic Acid are used in a variety of cosmetic creams, cakes, soaps and pastes. It functions as a surfactant and cleansing agent. 

Decyl Glucoside
It  is a glucose-based surfactant commonly used in shampoos and body washes. It functions as a surfactant and cleansing agent. 

Glyceryl Stearate
It functions the same as glycol distearate.

Perfume
Fragrances are complex combinations of natural and man-made substances that are added to products to give them a distinctive smell.

DMDM Hydantoin
DMDM Hydantoin is a white, crystalline solid. In cosmetics and personal care products, DMDM Hydantoin is used in the formulation of shampoos, hair conditioners, skin care products, moisturizers, bath products, and makeup bases and foundations.

DMDM Hydantoin is a formaldehyde-donor preservative, that prevents or retards microbial growth, thereby protecting cosmetics and personal care products from spoilage.

Silica
Silica and Hydrated Silica are used in cosmetics and personal care products as abrasives, absorbants, anticaking agents, bulking and opacifying agents. Silica may also be used as asuspending agent, and Hydrated Silica may also be used as an oral care agent, a skin conditioning agent, and a viscosity increasing agent.

Polyquaternium-7
Polyquaternium-7 prevents or inhibits the buildup of static electricity and dries to form a thin coating that is absorbed onto the hair shaft. Polyquaternium-7 also helps hair hold its style by inhibiting the hair’s ability to absorb moisture.

Disodium EDTA
In cosmetics and personal care products, these ingredients are widely used and can be found in moisturizers, skin care and cleansing products, personal cleanliness products, bath soaps, shampoos and conditioners, hair dyes, hair bleaches, and many other product types.

Disodium EDTA and the related ingredients bind to metal ions which inactivates them. The binding of metal ions helps prevent the deterioration of cosmetics and personal care products. It also helps to maintain clarity, protect fragrance compounds, and prevent rancidity.

Niacinamide
Niacinamide and Niacin are a forms of vitamin B3. In cosmetics and personal care products, Niacinamide and Niacin are used in bath products, shampoos, hair tonics, skin moisturizers and other skin care preparations, and cleansing products.

Niacinamide and Niacin enhance the appearance and feel of hair, by increasing body, suppleness, or sheen, or by improving the texture of hair that has been damaged physically or by chemical treatment. When used in the formulation of skin care products, Niacinamide and Niacin enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.

Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate
Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate prevents or retards bacterial growth, thereby protecting cosmetics and personal-care products from spoilage.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract
This is green tea leaf extract. Now, I know it's a good ingredient that has taken the beauty community by storm. However, I suggest you looks at where it's placed in the ingredient list.
  • Antioxidant
  • Fragrance Ingredient
  • Oral Care Agent
  • Skin-Conditioning
Cl 74260
Colorants are ingredients that, alone or in combination with other ingredients, impart or alter the color of the product. The visual perception of color occurs primarily by the absorption and/or reflection of visible light by the product and corresponds to humans seeing red, yellow, blue, green, black, etc. Such color derives from the wavelength spectrum of light interacting with the light receptor cells in the eye and sending a message to the brain.

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