Skin Care Basic : Acne and Its Types (part 1)

Saturday, May 14, 2011

Hi everyone! Today, I'm going to discuss about a certain culprit found on the face that has decreased the self esteem of almost everyone who has had it, ACNE. I feel that I have been lacking posts about skin care and the basics, so here you go.

What is Acne?
Take from Wikipedia, acne is defined as a follicular eruption that looks like papules and pustules usually found on the face. It has a rounded, red and inflamed appearance, which we all are familiar with. 

Actually, acne is used to define the appearance of those papules and pustules. Acne itself has many different types. One of the most commonly seen type of acne is acne vulgaris. 

Acne Vulgaris is defined as a skin disease that has the characteristics of :
  • Seborrhea (scaly red skin)
  • comedones (blackheads and whiteheads)
  • papules (those yellow looking mountain on your face that looks angry and ready to explode)
  • nodules
  • scarring (from the previous papuples T^T)
Now, if you have one or more of those symptoms, you might have acne vulgaris. However, there is no need to worry because there are treatments to help diminish those annoying, nasty little critters. The next step is to find out what type of acne are you currently having. 


Types of Acne
The first type of acne acne vulgaris and it is further divided into mild to moderate acne vulgaris and severe acne vulgaris. 


Mild to Moderate Acne Vulgaris
This type of acne is the ones that firstly develop when the pores are clogged. The types are :


Whiteheads

Source: Acne org

This is a result of a blocked or clogged pore, trapping sebum and bacteria under the skin surface. It looks like a small spot with a whitish liquid under the skin, just like the picture below.
Source : Acne org
Blackheads
By now, this is the most common type of acne that people know. Pore strips are often used to get the blackheads out or a trip to the esthetician office for a blackhead extraction. 

Blackheads resulted from a partially blocked pore, causing the sebum and bacteria to slowly drain to the skin's surface, just like the picture below.

It's called a blackhead because the color is black, obviously. That black color is due to the reaction of the skin's pigment with the oxygen in the air. The process of oxidation turns it black, not because it's dirty. So, don't wash your face more than twice a day just because there are blackheads on your nose. It won't be gone with washing, it needs to be extracted. 

Papules
 This type or 'stage' of acne is when you notice that it seems more red than it was usual. It is an inflammatory acne because the follicular wall broke and caused inflammation. When the follicular wall broke, the insides (sebum and bacteria) went out, causing white blood cells to come to that area to kill any foreign objects in the body.

It will appear as a red spot that has no core or yellow center. 

Pustules
This is a later stage of the papule and happens as the white blood cell ascends to the skin surface. 


This appearance is what people know as pimple or zit. It looks red on the outer edges and has a yellow center filled with bacteria, sebum and white blood cells.


Severe Acne Vulgaris
The characteristics of this stage are the presence of nodules and cysts.


Nodules
This type of acne is result of a break in the bottom follicular wall that leads to total collapse of the insides. 


This reaction causes an inflamed bump on the skin that is painful when touched. 


Cysts
This is caused severe inflammatory reaction can result in very large pus filled lesions.
This type of acne can be very painful because of the accumulation of pus underneath the skin trying to push out. It appears as a reddish spot that has a yellow center. 


This is the end of the first chapter because I don't want this to be a super duper long post. People will get bored reading halfway. So, do comment below if you want more skin care basic series

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2 comments

  1. Ce Phaniee >.< ini postingan penting banget banget >.< but I'm not really good in english jadi aku kurang ngerti bahasannya :( make it to bahasa, please?

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    1. Coba pake google translate di kanan atas ya. ^_^

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